Antibiotic is a chemical substance produced by a microorganism that inhibits the growth of or kills other microorganisms especially bacteria and fungi.
Illnesses such as syphilis, tuberculosis, salmonella, and some forms of meningitis are caused by bacteria and are treated by antibiotics. The earliest account of the usage of microbes against microbes was laid by Fleming. Fleming (1928) described the effect on staphylococci of a substance produced by Penicillium notatum and researched its possible use as a treatment for bacterial infections.
The noun “antibiotic” was first used in 1942 by Dr. Selman A. Waksman, soil microbiologist. Dr. Waksman and his colleagues discovered several Actinomycetes derived antibiotics. In forties to sixties, the term “antibiotic” was clearly different from the term “chemotherapeutic drug”. Chemotherapeutic drugs were man-made substances used to cure the diseases.
Augmentin 625 (500-125 mg)Amoxicillin and Clavulanic acid is a combination product. This is a combination antibiotic that consists of two ingredients:
Amoxicillin trihydrate, a B-lactum antibiotic
Clavulanic acid , a B-lactamase inhibitor
The combination of these two products is used to treat various infections caused by bacteria. Antibiotics are not meant to fight viral infections like cold, flu etc. the bacterial infections such as that of ears, lungs, sinus, skin, and urinary tract etc. can be treated using this combination drug.
About the drug:
The active ingredient of the drug is Norfloxacin Benzalkonium Chloride.It is an antibiotic that is mainly used to treat bacterial infections of the eyes.
Uses of the drug:
The medicine is used in the treatment of bacterial infection of the eyes. It can be used for other purposes as well.
What is Cefuroxime Axetil?
Cefuroxime Axetil is a cephalosporin antibiotic drug that is prescribed for the treatment of various bacterial infections, including severe and life threatening ones. Cefuroxime Axetil is marketed and sold under several trade names, a couple of which are Ceftin and Cetil (made by Lupin). This medication may also be given for conditions other than those listed in this description.
What is Metronidazole?
Metronidazole also sold under the brand name Flagyl and Metrogyle is a potent antibiotic that is used especially for treating bacterial infections of vagina, stomach, skin, joints and respiratory tract. It is part of a family of antibiotics called nitroimidazoles and treats infection by stopping the growth of bacteria and protozoa. It doesn't treat viral infections and hence should not be used for common cold, flu etc as well as vaginal yeast infection.
About the drug:
Ofloxacin is an antibiotic drug used to fight various infections. Ofloxacin is available under several trade names such as Oflox (made by allergan), among a host of several other brands.
What is Nitrofurantoin?
Nitrofurantoin is an antibiotic drug that is mainly prescribed for the treatment of urinary tract infections. This medication may also be used against other conditions not listed here. Nitrofurantoin is sold under various trade names, a couple of which are Macrodantin and Martifur (made by Walter Bushnell)