Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against blood vessel walls. High blood pressure (HBP) means the pressure in your arteries is higher than it should be. Another name for high blood pressure is hypertension.
Blood pressure is written as two numbers, such as 117/79 mm Hg.
The top, systolic, number is the pressure when the heart beats
The bottom, diastolic, number is the pressure when the heart rests between beats
Normal blood pressure is below 120/80 mm Hg. If you’re an adult and your systolic pressure is 120 to 139, or your diastolic pressure is 80 to 89 (or both), you have “prehypertension”. High blood pressure is a pressure of 140 systolic or higher and 90 diastolic or higher that stays high over time.
No one knows the cause of most cases of high blood pressure. It can’t be cured, but it can be managed. High blood pressure usually has no signs or symptoms. That’s why it is so dangerous.
Although there is no identifiable cause of hypertension, but in many a few of the risk factors are known to increase the chances of getting High BP, such as:
1. Obesity or overweight
2. Too much alcohol consumption
4. Too much salt intake
7. Genetics or family history of Blood pressure problems
8. Physical inactivity
9. Too much of fat intake
Many people can expect to have hypertension problems if these factors are not kept under control, as they are known to increase the probability of heart problems and hypertensions.
About the drug:
Simvastatin is a drug that is prescribed by the physicians to check the abnormally high amount of cholesterol in the body. The high levels of cholesterols and triglycerides are often linked to various heart diseases like stroke and attack.
Simvastatin is the drug that belongs to the class of statins or HMG coa reductase inhibitors. Simvastatin is derived synthetically from the fermentation of Aspergillus terrus. The therapy that uses such statin drugs also requires an adjunct to a healthy diet and proper exercise.
What is Simvastatin?
Simvastatin belongs to a family of drugs called HMG CoA reductase inhibitors or ‘statins’. Simvastatin lowers levels of low density lipoprotein or LDL (considered as the bad cholesterol) and triglycerides in the blood, while increasing levels of high density lipoprotein or HDL (considered as the good cholesterol). High levels of LDL can result in stroke, heart attack, and other heart complications in people with diabetes, coronary heart disease, or other risk factors.
Simvastatin is sold under various trade names, some of which are Zocor (Fako Pharma), Simlup (made by Lupin), and Simvotin (made by Ranbaxy).
What is Irbesartan and Hydrochlorothiazide?
Irbesartan and Hydrochlorothiazide is a combination medicine for hypertension (high blood pressure) that contains two active ingredients, Irbesartan and Hydrochlorothiazide. Irbesartan is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist that prevents the blood vessels from narrowing which improves blood flow and lowers blood pressure. Hydrochlorothiazide is a thiazide diuretic (water pill) that stops the body from absorbing too much salt which can lead to fluid retention. High levels of salt in the body can lead to high blood pressure.
This medicine is available under several brands, some of which are Avalide, Irovel H (made by Sun Pharma), and CoAprovel (made by Sanofi).