Leprosy is a chronic disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, highly incapacitating, and with systemic involvement in some cases. Renal involvement has been reported in all forms of the disease, and it is more frequent in multibacillary forms.
Leprosy is an infectious disease the principal clinical manifestations of which are anesthetic skin lesions and the development of peripheral neuropathy. The most common renal manifestation in leprosy patients is glomerulonephritis. Both immunofluorescent and electron microscopic studies suggest that the varied glomerular lesions found in these patients are immune complex mediated.