What is Metformin for:
This medication is an oral antidiabetic agent, prescribed for type 2 diabetes. It helps control blood sugar levels.
How does Metformin work:
Metformin lowers sugar and helps insulin work better.
How should Metformin be used:
Take Metformin exactly as directed by your doctor. Do not take more or less than instructed by your doctor. – Metformin must be taken regularly for it to work well. Do not stop taking it unless instructed by your doctor. – Metformin must be taken with food. – If you are taking an extended-release type of Metformin, swallow the tablet whole with food. Do not crush or chew the tablet.
Common side effects of Metformin :
Low blood sugar signs include, anger, shaking, a fast heartbeat, confusion, or sweating. Keep hard candies, glucose tablets, liquid glucose, or juice on hand for low blood sugar. – Belly pain. – Upset stomach or throwing up. Many small meals, good mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help. – Loose stools (diarrhea). – Not hungry. – Bad taste in your mouth. This most often goes back to normal. – Too much acid in the blood (lactic acidosis) may rarely happen.
What do I do if I miss a dose
Take a missed dose as soon as you think about it. – If it is close to the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time. – Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses. – Do not change the dose or stop this drug. Talk with the doctor.
What precautions should I take when taking Metformin :
Metformin may not be suitable for you if you suffer from heart, liver, kidney, adrenal or pituitary disease. – Alert your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. – If you are going for an operation, dental work or any X-ray procedure in which a dye is injected, inform your doctor or dentist that you are taking Metformin. – You may need to stop taking Metformin before the procedure and wait 48 hours to restart your medicine.
When do I need to seek medical help
If you think there was an overdose, call your local poison control center or ER right away. – Signs of a very bad reaction to the drug. – These include wheezing, chest tightness, fever, itching, bad cough, blue or gray skin color, seizures, or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat. – Very low blood sugar or very high blood sugar. – Very bad dizziness. – Trouble breathing. – Feeling cold. – Very bad belly pain. – Very upset stomach or throwing up. – Very loose stools (diarrhea). – A big weight loss. – Very bad muscle pain or weakness. – Feeling very tired or weak. – Any rash. – Side effect or health problem is not better or you are feeling worse
Can I take Metformin with other medicines:
A type of heart medicine called beta-blockers may mask the symptoms of hypoglycaemia when taken with Metformin. Some examples of beta-blockers are metoprolol, atenolol and propranolol. – Inform your doctor if you are taking diuretics (medicines to remove excess water) such as hydrochlorothiazide; a group of heart medicine such as captopril or enalapril; a type of gastric medicine called cimetidine or birth control pills. – Always inform your doctor and pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including herbal tonics, supplements and medicines that you buy without a prescription.
Are there any food restrictions
It is important for you to maintain a healthy diet and weight in order to help keep your diabetes under control. – Avoid alcohol.
How do I store Metformin :
Store in a cool, dry place away from the reach of children. – Medicines must not be used past the expiry date.
Category B : Animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women OR Animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in any trimester.