CETAPIN XR 1GM contains Metformin hydrochloride which belongs to a group of medicines known as biguanides. Diabetes is a condition where the pancreas does not make enough insulin, a hormone which makes your body takes in glucose (sugar) from the blood. This leads to a high level of glucose in your blood.
This medicine helps to lower your blood glucose to normal level. It is an antihyperglycemic agent used in patients with type 2 diabetes which improves glucose tolerance. CETAPIN XR 1GM works by reducing the amount of sugar releases by liver into your blood. Insulin acts by decreasing glucose production from the liver and decreases absorption of glucose from the intestine after taking food while improving the sensitivity of the body organs and muscles towards insulin, thus helping in controlling the blood sugar level.
Your doctor decides upon the dose you take depending on your age, other medications you are taking and whether you have any kidney or liver problems. This medicine is not recommended for breastfeeding mothers. The common side effects are nausea, vomiting, headache, diarrhoea and abdominal pain. This medicine is suitable for children and adolescents over 10 years of age as recommended by your physician.
USES OF CETAPIN XR 1GM:
Treats type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent diabetes)
HOW CETAPIN XR 1GM WORKS:
Metformin hydrochloride works by reducing the amount of sugar releases by liver into your blood. Insulin acts by decreasing glucose production from the liver and decreases absorption of glucose from the intestine after taking food while improving the sensitivity of the body organs and muscles towards insulin, thus helping in controlling the blood sugar level.
DIRECTIONS FOR USE:
Always take this medicine exactly as instructed by your doctor. Take the medicine with or after a meal. It will avoid you from having side effects like affecting your digestion. Do not crush or chew the medicine. Swallow with a glass of water.
SIDE EFFECTS OF CETAPIN XR 1GM:
• Nausea and vomiting
• Belly ache
• Abdominal pain
• Loss of appetite
• Changes in taste
• Lactic acidosis
• Inflammation of the liver
• Redness of the skin (erythema), itching or an itchy rash (hives)
• Low vitamin B12 levels in the blood
HOW TO MANAGE SIDE EFFECTS:
Feeling sick (nausea) or vomiting:
Try simple meals and do not eat rich or spicy foods.
Drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration. ORS should be used to prevent dehydration.
Keep hot water bottle or heated bag on your abdomen. Drink plenty of clear fluids and water.
WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS:
CETAPIN XR 1GM should be used with caution in pregnant women. Consult your doctor before taking.
CETAPIN XR 1GM is not recommended for use in breastfeeding women unless necessary. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.
Avoid taking excessive alcohol during this medication since this may increase the risk of lactic acidosis.
CETAPIN XR 1GM is not recommended in patients with severe kidney disease. Consult your doctor for advice.
CETAPIN XR 1GM is not recommended in patients with severe liver disease. Consult your doctor for advice.
Do not take if you are allergic (hypersensitive) to metformin hydrochloride or any other ingredients in this medicine.
CETAPIN XR 1GM is not recommended in patients with severe heart disease. Consult your doctor for advice.
Tell your doctor if you have a condition such as uncontrolled diabetes (severe hyperglycaemia) and severe infection (lung or bronchial system).
Tell your doctor if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription or the following:
Diuretics (increase urine production)
Ibuprofen and celecoxib (used to treat pain and inflammation)
ACE inhibitors and angiotensin ii receptor antagonists (treatment of high blood pressure)
Salbutamol or terbutaline ((used to treat asthma)
Corticosteroids (used to treat severe inflammation of the skin or in asthma)
Verapamil, rifampicin, cimetidine, dolutegravir, ranolazine, trimethoprim, vandetanib,
Isavuconazole, crizotinib, olaparib
Other medicines used to treat diabetes (sulphonylureas, insulin, meglitinides)
Drug : Metformin
Pharmacological Category : Biguanide
Therapeutic Indication : Type II diabetes
Dosage Forms : Tablet
Store below 20-25°C and keep out of reach of children.
FAQ’s ABOUT CETAPIN XR 1GM:
Q: What does CETAPIN XR 1GM do exactly?
A: In type 2 diabetes, your body will not able to make enough insulin or respond normally to the insulin made by their bodies. This medicine acts by decreasing glucose production from the liver and decreases absorption of glucose from the intestine after taking food while improving the sensitivity of the body organs and muscles towards insulin.
Q: Can CETAPIN XR 1GM make you sleepy?
A: This medicine is usually well tolerated and does not cause sleepiness. But rarely, it causes sleep disorders and insomnia.
Q: How to take CETAPIN XR 1GM?
A: Take this medicine with or after a meal. Do not crush or chew the medicine and swallow it with a glass of water. Always take as prescribed by your doctor.