The bacterial infection that causes tuberculosis (TB) assaults the lungs. When someone who has TB of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes, or speaks, it is disseminated via the air. A person with a latent TB infection is not contagious and does not exhibit any symptoms of illness.
If the latent infection develops into TB illness, the person becomes unwell with symptoms including coughing up blood, chest discomfort, weakness, weight loss, fever, and chills. Through close contact, TB patients can spread the disease to 10–15 more people. TB illness can be lethal if it is not treated properly.
It is possible to cure and overcome tuberculosis. In order to detect and treat TB as quickly as possible, it is important to be aware of its indications and symptoms.
Signs and Symptoms of Tuberculosis
Coughing for three weeks or longer is the most typical sign of an active TB illness. Additional signs include:
- Coughing up blood or phlegm from deep inside the chest
- Weakness or fatigue
- Loss of appetite
- Unexplained weight loss
- Sweating at night
It’s crucial for people who believe they may have been exposed to TB to get tested by a healthcare professional because these signs are not always easy to recognize. You can determine whether you are infected with TB or have acquired TB illness with a quick skin test or blood test.
Treatment for Tuberculosis
Typically, a combination of four medicines is given for 6 to 9 months to cure tuberculosis. Even if they begin feeling better after a few weeks, persons with TB must finish the entire course of therapy. They risk getting ill again, making their condition harder to manage, and spreading the infection to others if they abruptly stop taking their prescriptions.
The majority of the time, using the medications has moderate side effects that subside after a few weeks. More severe side effects are possible occasionally, but they are uncommon. It’s crucial to take all of your medications exactly as directed and let your doctor know if you suffer any adverse effects if you’re receiving treatment for TB.
If neglected, tuberculosis is a dangerous illness that can be fatal. In order to identify and treat TB as soon as possible, it is important to be aware of its warning signs and symptoms.
Visit a healthcare professional as soon as possible if you believe you may have been exposed to TB so that you may be tested and, if required, begin treatment. Patients can fully recover from TB if they receive the right care.