It’s that time of year once again. It’s hay fever season. It may be a rough few months for those of us who suffer from allergies. We’re sneezing, our eyes are watering, and we’re simply feeling lousy. But what are allergies, and how may they be treated? Let us investigate.
What are allergies?
An allergy is an immune system response to a specific substance known as an allergen. When we are exposed to an allergen, our bodies create antibodies to combat it. This antibody production generates the symptoms we associate with allergies, such as a runny nose, watery eyes, sneezing, and so on.
Pollen, pet hair, dust mites, mold, and certain foods are just a few examples of allergens. Pollen is one of the most prevalent allergens and is frequently to blame for hay fever. Plants emit pollen as part of their reproductive cycle, and it can be dispersed by the wind or insects like bees and butterflies.
Pet dander (tiny particles of skin shed by animals) and dust mites are two more prevalent sources of allergy symptoms ( small creatures that live in dust). Mold spores, which may be found both indoors and outdoors, are another common allergy. Some people are allergic to certain foods, including peanuts, milk, eggs, shellfish, and soy.
Mild to severe allergies are possible. In certain situations, they can be fatal. The intensity of an allergic response is determined by the person’s sensitivity to the allergen and the amount of it to which they have been exposed.
Treatment for Allergies
Avoiding exposure to the allergens that cause allergies is the best method to treat them. Unfortunately, this is not always practicable, especially when dealing with pollen that is transported by the wind. In these circumstances, a variety of pharmaceutical choices are available to alleviate allergy symptoms.
Antihistamines (which block histamine, a chemical generated after an allergic reaction), decongestants (which relieve nasal congestion), nasal sprays (which help decrease inflammation), and corticosteroids are examples of these medications ( which also help reduce inflammation).
For more severe allergies, injections are offered to help establish immunity to particular allergens. If you suspect you have allergies, contact a doctor right away so they can figure out what’s causing your symptoms and offer the best course of action. With spring just around the corner, now is the ideal time to address your allergies.