It is also known as piles are swollen and inflamed veins around your anus and lower rectum. There are 2 (Two) types of Hemorrhoids known as External Hemorrhoids, which develop under the skin around the anus, and Internal Hemorrhoids which develop in the lining of your anus and lower rectum.


It is caused when there is too much pressure on the veins around the anus. The reasons can be:

  • Diarrhea or chronic constipation.
  • Sitting for a longer period.
  • Strain during bowel movements.
  • Frequently lifting heavy objects.
  • A low-fiber diet.
  • Weakening of the supporting tissue in your anus and lower rectum during pregnancy and aging.


The symptoms of Hemorrhoids depend on the type of Hemorrhoids an individual is facing.

The symptoms of External Hemorrhoids are:

  • Irritation or Itching in the anal part.
  • Anal pain or discomfort especially while sitting.
  • Swelling or formation of lumps around the anus.

On the other side, the symptoms of Internal Hemorrhoids are:

  • Painless bleeding during bowel movements. You might observe bright red color blood in the toilet bowel or stool.
  • Prolapsed Hemorrhoid pushed and falls through the anal opening.


  • The doctor will ask about your medical history, if any.
  • A physical examination will be done by looking around the anus for diagnosing external Hemorrhoids.
  • The doctor might perform an anoscopy or digital rectal exam to check for Internal Hemorrhoids.


Various treatments can be used to treat Hemorrhoids. Some of them are mentioned below.


Mild symptoms can be treated at home in 2-7 days by taking the precautions and following the remedies:

Taking a fiber-rich diet including fruits, vegetables, and grains.

  • Intake more and more water and try not to strain during bowel movements.
  • Use of ice packs can reduce pain and swelling.
  • Take warm sitz bath for at least 10-20 minutes.


The use of certain medications and creams available over the counter can provide temporary relief to the swelling and pain caused by this disease. The best creams for the treatment include Fidonal Cream, Pilorute Cream, Sucral Ano Cream and others that contain lidocaine, hydrocortisone, or witch hazel. The hemorrhoid treatment cream containing hydrocortisone should be used for more than a week until your doctor prescribes it.


Your doctor might advise surgery if any other medication does not treat the Hemorrhoids to shrink them. During surgery, the doctor will use a chemical to shrink the Hemorrhoid and use the laser to seal the vessels that provide blood, place a tiny rubber band to block the supply, and use a staple to cut the blood flow.


Take a fiber-rich diet including vegetables, nuts, fruits, seeds, and whole grains.

  • You can also add fiber-rich supplements to your diet in a small amount that are available over the counter.
  • Drink at least 6-8 glasses of water to soften the stool.
  • Exercise for at least 15-20 mins daily to improve the bowel movements.
  • Avoid long hours of sitting especially in the toilet as it can increase pressure on the veins in the anus.


When should I seek the doctor for Hemorrhoids?

If this disease continues for more than a week even after using the home remedies, consult your doctor for other medications.

For how long does the Hemorrhoids last?

It usually gets better in a few days with the medication and taking proper care though it can re-occur in a few cases. However, it depends from person to person. 

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