Air Pollution Can Raise Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

Air Pollution Can Raise Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

Healthy Eating

It’s important to center your diet on the high-fiber, low-fat foods like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Low glycemic index foods also may be helpful. The glycemic index is a measure of how quickly a food causes a rise in your blood sugar. Foods with a high glycemic index raise your blood sugar rapidly. Low glycemic index foods help you in achieving more stable blood sugar. Foods which are low in glycemic index usually are foods that are high in fiber. A registered dietitian can help with meal plans that fit your health, food preferences and lifestyle. He or she can also tell you how to watch your carbohydrate intake to keep your blood sugar levels more stable.

Physical Activity

Everyone needs regular aerobic exercise, and this exercise is very important for type 2 diabetes treatment. Promise yourself for at least 30 minutes of aerobic exercise five days of the week. Stretching a body exercises are important too. Initially, start slowly and build up gradually. Keep in mind that physical activity lowers blood sugar. Record your blood sugar level before any activity.

Monitoring Your Blood Sugar

Considering your treatment plan, you may need to check and record your blood sugar level every time, and if you’re on insulin then you need to check it more frequently. Ask your doctor how often he or she wants you to check your blood sugar. Strict supervision is the only way to ensure that your blood sugar level is within your target range. It is an essential part of diabetes care.

Diabetes Medications and Insulin Therapy

Some people who have type 2 diabetes manages to achieve their target blood sugar levels with diet and exercise only, but many others need its medications or insulin therapy. The decision about which medications are suitable varies due to many factors, including your blood sugar level and any other health problems if you have.

Alternative Medicine

Numerous alternative medicine substances helps improving insulin sensitivity. If you want to try an alternative therapy, don’t avoid taking the medications that your doctor has suggested. Be sure to consult with your doctor regarding the use of any of these therapies to ensure that they won’t affect adversely.

The objective of diabetes treatment is to maintain blood glucose levels as close to the target range between 4 to 6 mmol/L (fasting), this will prevent both short-term and long-term complications. Your health care team can help you with blood glucose monitoring, healthy eating, and physical activity. However, sometimes healthy eating and exercise are not enough to keep the blood glucose levels down. Type 2 diabetes is a continuous condition. As time proceeds, the insulin becomes more resistant and the pancreas is less effective converting glucose into energy. To assist the pancreas in converting glucose into energy, people with type 2 diabetes are usually prescribed tablets to regularize their blood glucose levels.

Eventually, it becomes necessary to start taking insulin to control blood glucose levels. This is the stage when your body no longer produces required insulin on its own. Sometimes tablets are prescribed in addition to insulin. If medication is required as treatment, than consider it as an essential part of the natural progression of the condition. Taking medication when required can result in fewer complications in the long-term. Occasionally, some side effects can occur with medications. Speak with your doctor or pharmacist if you experience any problems.

Know about Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Know about Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Place for Rehabilitation

People can have rehabilitation at many places. It usually begins while they are in the hospital, recovering from an illness or injury. Sometimes it starts before the planned surgery. Once the patient is discharged from the hospital, treatment continues at a special inpatient rehabilitation center.

Apart from the hospital, therapies are also done in a skilled nursing facility or rehabilitation center. Many people who are recovering eventually go home and continue with the therapy either at provider’s office or at some other place. You may visit the doctor and other health professionals. Sometimes, a therapist will make visits to your home. Family members or other caregivers must also be available to assist.

Rehabilitation Objectives

Rehabilitation goal is to make people aware of taking care of themselves. Especially, the daily tasks like eating, bathing, using the bathroom and moving from a wheelchair to a bed are the purpose. There are times when the aim is actually challenging, like restoring full function to one or more parts of the body. The experts use many tests to find out a person’s problems and record their progress. A full rehabilitation program and treatment plan may be required to help with medical, physical, social, emotional, and work-related problems. Family and caregivers also have to adjust to their loved one’s situation and know where to find ways and means in the community.

The Rehabilitation Team

Physical medicine and rehabilitation is a team approach, i.e., doctors, other health professionals, the patient, and their family being a part of the team works for the earliest recovery of the patient. Physiatrists are the doctors who opted training of four or additional years for rehabilitation care after their medical school. There are other doctors also such as neurologists, orthopedic surgeons, psychiatrists and primary care doctors.

When you are in a position to find help for a particular dysfunction, then you need to opt for inpatient or outpatient therapy as per your requirements. Both the programs have their own pros and cons. It’s mandatory to examine all the aspects of the recovery process and also your own personal needs while opting for the disabilities treatment.

Inpatient Addiction Rehab

People seeking recovery from any of the addiction opts for care in an inpatient rehab program. In inpatient addiction rehab, the patient is required to reside at the center for treatment. Generally, the term of this treatment program is from 28 to 90 days varying as per the requirements of the patient.

At the start of the recovery process, many will undergo an inpatient detoxification before the beginning of addiction treatment term. These programs initiate with the structured detoxification program into their treatment protocol. In these programs, medicines are required to make the withdrawal procedure easier, especially in cases where dependency is high.

However, medication isn’t used in all the cases. In the case of any queries about the detoxification process, you should talk to the program staff. After it is done, treatment must continue. The target now is to flourish the skills to stay sober for a longer duration with the help of counseling sessions, therapy, and education about addiction and recovery procedure.

Outpatient Addiction Rehab

This treatment allows patients to stay at their own convenience at other than treatment hours, letting them continue to work or school and their ability to accomplish other personal tasks. Recovering individuals go for the group and individual therapy sessions weekly, and can visit a psychiatrist if needed for medication so that carvings or prevailing mental health issues can be dealt with. The treatment provided in this kind of facility is similar to that provided in an inpatient treatment center but is somewhat less original. This program requires the following therapies:

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy – It helps participants to understand their unhealthy thoughts and behaviors and also give strategies to make them better.
Contingency Management– It is an incentive based therapy. It rewards patients so that they make regular behaviors such as attending therapy or maintaining sobriety a habit.
Motivational Interviewing – It is helpful for finding out and eliminating the feelings that might be a hurdle in the treatment.
Matrix Model– In these, therapistsacts as a guide, aiming the treatment to be effective so that the addicted individual can regain the positive self-image and confidence.
Multidimensional Family Therapy – These therapies makes families work better so that they can support and assist their loved one from addiction.

The medical issues are not always treatable, but treatment helps to improve the quality of life. If you want a specialty treatment to make an effective change in the living style, a physical medicine and rehabilitation center is perfect to accomplish your particular need.

Follow These Diabetes-Friendly Baking Tips

Follow These Diabetes-Friendly Baking Tips

Use Wholemeal Flour instead of White Flour

Wholemeal flour is healthier than white and can help with gut and heart health. It’s more filling than white and processed flour. In fact, its smaller portion satisfies for the longer term. It is perfect in most recipes, but if you find it a bit heavy for things like sponge cakes, try using a ratio of 30:70 or 50:50 wholemeal flour to plain flour.

Use an equal amount of mashed banana or pureed apple in place of butter

Mashed banana or puréed apple can be beaten with a little sugar and rapeseed oil to get a similar effect to creaming butter without an additional saturated fat from butter. It also adds natural sweetness. The key is to beat it well, which helps add air to the mixture.

Experiment with less sugar and sugar substitutes

Add fresh fruit, grated or finely chopped apples, pears, blueberries, blackberries, or chopped peaches and nectarines for flavor and natural sweetness. You can also sweeten cakes with dried fruit rather than sugar as it contains fibre. Soak raisins, sultanas, and currants in a little boiling water to plump them up and make them juicier, also use the water. There are also available many other sweeteners such as agave nectar and syrups, don’t forget honey, that is marketed as natural and healthy. But the truth is, your body still processes these as sugar, so they count towards your free or added sugar intake. They are best avoided but if you have to use them, try to use in small quantities to be at par with the diabetes medication.

Add vegetables

Grate vegetables and add to a cake mixture. Courgettes, carrots, and beetroot soften up once cooked, adding moisture without overpowering flavour.

Try porridge oats

Reducing flour and replacing it with the same weight of oats also adds soluble fibre, which can help lower cholesterol and help promote high blood sugar control.

Prefer low-fat oil

Use oil such as rapeseed or sunflower oil or lower-fat spread rather than butter. Olive oil is good too, but it has quite a strong flavour. Also, coconut oil is used for baking, but it’s high in saturated fat. There is also no evidence to support many of the health claims. Use it by all means, but treat it the same as you would use butter and use in moderation.

Experiment with something else instead of regular milk

You can also try using soy milk or vanilla soy milk in place of regular milk. Generally, soy milk is counted as lower in fat and higher in protein than regular milk.

Treating Diabetes with Insulin

Treating Diabetes with Insulin

About Insulin and types of insulin

Starting insulin can be challenging, and it is understandable if you feel concerned about it. When you start taking insulin, it is important that you keep in touch with your physician on a regular basis to help work out the right dose for you. It will take the time to adjust to using insulin injection and your new routine. Your physician as well your family and friends can provide the support you require.

Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas inside the abdomen. Special cells known as beta cells, located in a part of the pancreas make the insulin. In patients with type 1 diabetes, there is a loss of the cells which makes insulin. A majority of diabetes patients uses human insulin or insulin analogs. The human insulin is produced by bacteria or by yeast using genetic engineering.

The insulin in the body allows the sugar to pass from the blood into the cells, where it is burned for energy. The human body is not able to convert sugar into energy without insulin. Furthermore, insulin helps in turning off the making of sugar in the liver. In the absence of insulin, the sugar builds up in the blood and spills into the urine. Diabetic patients cannot make enough insulin. These patients required insulin injections to fulfill the need. Insulin has not been formulated for oral administration because the stomach acid destroys it.

No vitamins, herbs or medication can take the place of insulin injections. Patients with type 2 diabetes still make enough insulin, however, not sufficient to maintain the sugar level in the body. These patients can take oral medications or diabetes medications to help them make even more insulin or reduce the symptoms of diabetes. However, these oral medications are not insulin.

Many types of insulin can be used for diabetes care. The types of insulin are usually described by how they affect your body.

Rapid acting-These insulins are clear in appearance. They act fast, starts to work from 1 to 20 minutes. While using these insulins, it is necessary to eat immediately after injecting it. Humalog, Apidra, and NovoRapid are some currently available fast acting insulins. Its effects last for a couple of hours.
Intermediate-acting-They are cloudy in appearance. These insulins begin to work about 1 ½ hours after injecting. Before using this insulin, it is important that you read the prescription label carefully and follow the instructions on how to prepare the insulin. The effects of intermediate-acting insulin can last up to 18 hours.
Short acting-These types of insulins start to lower sugar level within 30 minutes of injecting it. You need to take the injection half an before a meal. Its effects last for 3 to 6 hours.
Long-acting insulin-Long-acting insulin is recommended to use once or twice a day. It is a clear insulin and cannot be mixed with other fast acting insulin. It can work for an entire day.
Mixed insulin-Mixed insulin is also cloudy in appearance and allows two insulin types in a single injection, intermediate-acting insulin along with short acting insulin.

Tips for using insulin

Insulin should be injected into the fatty layer just below the skin and above the muscle. Patients are instructed to inject it into the abdomen. In some cases, physician prefers thighs or buttocks for injecting insulin. For more information talk to your physician.

While injecting insulin, keep the following things in mind:

Use a fresh needle every time.
Check the prescription label carefully to know about the dose of insulin.
Prime the needle to remove air and start the flow of insulin. You need to do this whenever you take insulin injection.
You need to insert the needle at a right angle that is 90 degrees unless advised otherwise by your physician.
After inserting the needle into your skin, hold the needle for ten seconds to make sure you inject the full dose.
If you are using an insulin pen, make sure that you remove the needle from the pen after each injection.

Low-Carb Vegetables for a Diabetes-Friendly Diet

Low-Carb Vegetables for a Diabetes-Friendly Diet

Diet for diabetes:

The diabetes medication requires you to follow some precautions. The restrictions in the diet for a diabetic person are discussed often and a haphazard eating habit can certainly make the condition worse. Since diet plays a crucial role in the diabetes treatment, you are not supposed to eat anything that could aggravate blood sugar. Doctors do emphasis on some particular food products that can keep blood sugar under check. In this regard, low-carb vegetables are very helpful for the diabetes medication. You can take these vegetables regularly and live a healthy life.

Low-carb vegetables for diabetes:

We have several vegetables that are low in carbohydrate and you can easily make them as a part of your diet at an affordable cost. Some of the widely recommended low-carb food items are:

Cabbage

Make cabbage an essential part of your low-carb diet. Cabbage has vitamins K, C, & B6, fiber, manganese, and antioxidant properties that can assist diabetes care. You can try different recipes of cabbage that are not only delicious but also low in carbohydrate.

Spinach

Leafy spinach is one of the most prescribed vegetables for the diabetic people. This low-carb veggie has beta carotene, folate, and vitamin K that make it a diabetes-friendly food item. You can use spinach to make different recipes, soups, and salads. The fresh spinach leaves can be taken with egg white, corn soup, pasta, oatmeal, and/or popcorn. It makes a perfect low-carb breakfast and lunch for the diabetic people.

Broccoli

If you don’t like to eat broccoli, you are detached from some healthy benefits. This vegetable has plenty of vitamins A, C, and K, as well as other nutritious contents. Broccoli makes a low-carb delicious diet that you can take in breakfast and lunch. Those who are undergoing diabetes treatment can take broccoli regularly.

Cucumbers

While selecting the low-carb vegetables for diabetes, you cannot afford to miss cucumber. You can eat some 250 gram of cucumber a day and it provides just about 5 grams of carbohydrate. Moreover, cucumber is a good source of vitamins C, K, and potassium that help you control blood sugar. You can add cucumber to sandwiches or salad.

Tomatoes

Tomatoes are very much beneficial for the diabetes patients. This vegetable is recommended in the type 2 diabetes treatments because it is low in carbohydrate and low calorie. The antioxidant properties, especially lycopene, of tomatoes help you fight against heart problems and prostate cancer. You can take tomato sauce or make its salad; this diabetes-friendly vegetable can control blood sugar substantially.

Proven Benefits of Drinking Apple Cider Vinegar at Night

Proven Benefits of Drinking Apple Cider Vinegar at Night

Advantages of apple cider vinegar

Made from fermented apples, apple cider vinegar has been used to assist human health for decades. It has proved to be the ancient folk therapy for almost all health associated problems. Drinking this powerful ingredient is even an increasingly popular health trend. Its unexpected use that most people might not know is that it helps in the regulation of blood sugar, which makes it a useful ingredient in patients with type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes.

It is estimated that around 400 million people have diabetes all over the world. In addition, the number of people with pre-diabetes has kept on increasing, and the overall total predicted an increase in numbers from now to 2030 is 470 million.

Importance of apple cider vinegar for diabetes patients

A study conducted in 1995 suggests that when Apple cider vinegar is taken with a meal, it remarkably regulates the glycemic response of the body to the ingestion of other foods. Further studies show a delay in insulin response and feeling of fullness after eating a meal with vinegar. These studies were conducted to find out the effect of consuming apple cider vinegar at night. Researchers wanted to see whether the consumption of vinegar would affect the morning’s blood glucose level or not. Too much glucose level while sleeping is common in diabetic patients.

This is due to when the liver doesn’t synthesize blood glucose properly. According to studies, acetic acid present in vinegar effectively helps in the regulation of glucose in the liver, which may benefit people with type 2 diabetes. This may also prevent other metabolic issues that contribute to a pre-breakfast rise in fasting blood glucose level. By slowing the carbohydrate breakdown, the sugar level in blood becomes more stable reduces the spikes that stimulate the production of insulin in the body.

Other apple cider vinegar uses

Here are some more powerful ways through which you can benefit from apple cider vinegar:

Relieve night time leg cramps-Apple cider vinegar took twice daily with water will dissolve acid crystal in the blood and provides calcium, potassium and other important nutrients required to ease the symptoms of leg cramps.
Vinegar to get rid of bad breath-Its acidic properties makes it a wonderful natural remedy for bad breath or halitosis. Add apple cider vinegar in a cup of water and gargle with the mixture daily until the cup is empty.
Effective for hiccup-The sour taste of apple cider vinegar stimulates the nerves inside your throat that are responsible for causing hiccups. This stops the spasm of hiccups. All you need to do is mix a tablespoon of vinegar in the water and drink.
Stomach problems-A little acid in your stomach can cause acid reflux. It provides relief from symptoms of an upset stomach that you experience during the night. A combination of apple cider vinegar and water will help relieve gas discomfort and cramping.
Weight loss-Various studies suggest that lack of sleep is closely linked to obesity. The more your weight is, the more you get some sort of sleeping issues. Apple cider intake prevents fat formation as well as decreased the appetite. It contains pectin (an ingredient), which make you feel more satisfied and full. From now whenever you feel hungry at night, add a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar in water and drink it.
Remedy for the stuffy nose-Apple cider vinegar is rich in vitamin A, B1, B2, and E. It also contains magnesium and potassium in good quantity. These vitamins and minerals work together to relieve mucous and clear your sinuses. Consume a mixture of water and vinegar before going to bed.
Prevent ingestion-Insomnia and ingestion are known to be associated with each other. Apple cider vinegar has the ability to get rid of both these troublesome issues. It fights the symptoms of stomach issues like nausea and bloating. It also helps in maintaining the acid level in the stomach. Add vinegar in warm water and drink it.
Good for a sore throat-Its antibacterial property makes it a potent remedy for a sore throat. Mixed it with honey and ginger and get the benefit of the powerful anti-inflammatory product.
Detox agent-The presence of vitamins, minerals, and enzymes in vinegar nourishes the body as well as assist in liver function. Also, it loosens mucus and stimulates the lymphatic system to speed wound healing.
Heal bruises-It promotes circulation and heals bruises with anti-inflammatory and antioxidants to repair the damage tissues.

We Might be Mistaken to Know Everything about Salt

We Might be Mistaken to Know Everything about Salt

Salt effect on body

The human body depends on this essential mineral for a variety of functions, which includes the transmission of nerve cells, and the maintenance of blood pressure. Blood sodium levels should be carefully maintained. Consumption of a lot of salt (sodium chloride) will make you become thirsty and drink water, diluting your blood to maintain the concentration of sodium.

This will ultimately make you flush out excess salt and water via urine. A Recent study shows that consuming lots of salt does not cause thirst and can help you burn calories. According to a study, increased salt in an individual’s diet raises glucocorticoid hormone levels, which stimulates fat and muscles break down.

This activity freed up H20 to use by the body. As it causes the body to break down tissue, you begin to burn more calories. However, experts do not recommend going on a high salt diet to lose weight. Because of more calorie burn, extra salt in your food can make your stomach empty, which in turn makes you eat more. Also, glucocorticoid levels may work to enhance your metabolism, but they are associated with metabolic problems like type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis, muscle loss, and other associated issues. So, it is important that you eat salt in moderate amount.

Health benefits of salt

Salt (sodium chloride) has been successfully used for the prevention of iodine deficiency diseases. Its use is now being promoted to all over the world, including Australia and Switzerland, where goiter (an iodine deficiency disease) was once prevalent in many alpine valleys, are now free of iodine deficiency disorders due to compulsory iodization of salt for human consumption.

Fluoridation of drinking water helps to control dental problems. It was particularly very successful in 1945 when it was first introduced by Americans for preventing dental caries when fluoride toothpaste and topical applications were not available.

Most of us know that consuming too much salt is not good for health. But consumed in a moderate amount is really beneficial for health. Because of its healing properties, it can be used as an alternative home remedy to treat a variety of ailments including, allergies, asthma, colds, psoriasis, and dermatitis. Take a look below to know how salt can help you in yours every day:

For cold- The use of a salt inhaler can loosen the mucus that builds up. You can use it daily to reduce symptoms. It draws soothing moisture into the mucus, making it swept out by cilia (the tiny hairs that protect your nostrils and other passages to prevent the entry of foreign particles.
Useful for skin- Take a salt bath to hydrate your skin. This calming salt bath decreases inflammation, which is a symptom of psoriasis.
Salt in the bedroom- A salt pillow helps filter the air near the nostrils as well as the mouth while you are sleeping and enhance your breathing.
Use of salt candles or salt lamps- Use salt lamps or salt candles in your room as these candles emit negative ions into the atmosphere. These negative ions are useful in treating ailments and improve overall health.

Some more salt advantages

Salt (sodium chloride) plays a significant role in transporting carbon dioxide, nerve transmission, amino acid transport, and muscle contraction. It is extremely important for the regulation of blood pressure and blood volume. For decades, salt water has been used as an essential ingredient in medicine. Salt water is extremely beneficial, but note that most of the results are found using natural sea salt, not your ordinary salt.

Treats constipation-It has been suggested that drinking saltwater can help clean your digestive tract. It is useful in correcting mineral imbalances in your body and help flush out waste material from your body by increasing your need to go to the toilet.

Improves mental health-Sea salt is rich in minerals, vitamins, and other microorganisms that are known to release helpful bacteria and chemicals that encourage balanced hormone levels in your body. Bathing in sea salt provides peace of mind, relaxes brain muscles, increase energy levels, and ability to manage problems. Other benefits may include improved confidence level, more self-control, and improved ability to focus.

Good for sagging skin-Regular bathing in sea salt can improve the quality of your skin by increasing blood circulation as well as the flow of essential nutrients in your body. Scrubbing your skin with sea salt can help exfoliate your skin to help improve its glow and tighten your skin. A good ingredient to relax sore and tired muscles.

Bad Health Signs If You’re Eating Too Much Sugar

Bad Health Signs If You’re Eating Too Much Sugar

Sugar is not always sweet for health:

The limited intake of sweet food does disturb the diabetes medication. On the other hand, the health experts have found that high intake of dietary sugar may lead some health problems, making a severe impact on your body. Once you learn the way how sugar affects your health, you may change your cravings for sweet despite knowing how tasty it is. Therefore, it’s important to learn how much sugar is too much and to know your limit.

Avoid sugar addiction:

Having sweet tooth is not always harmful but a craving for sugar is a sort of addiction. It encourages dopaminergic, cholinergic and opioid effects that have a psychological impact. It’s also found that sugar can stimulate the production of dopamine which is a pleasure hormone. Our body can tolerate sugar up an extent but its addiction can affect the production of insulin in the body, raising the risks of type-2 diabetes, bad immune system, and other conditions. More cravings than usual consumption of sugar become a vicious and addictive cycle.

High blood sugar can affect your immune system and damage to your nerves, blood vessels, and organs. By taking a high sugar diet, you allow a hormonal response to become like a wave. This condition triggers more sugar cravings.

Some possible health conditions somehow get worse with the high intake of dietary sugar.

Fatigue or sluggish feeling all the time:

The energy in your body is more stable with the stability of blood sugar levels. The excessive consumption of sugar causes the initial spike of insulin and after that an inevitable reduction in the surge. So, when you are consuming too much sugar, the frequent fluctuations in the blood sugar levels cause highs and lows of energy, making your body sluggish.

Experiencing skin issues:

A spike in insulin from sugar intake can cause wreak havoc on the skin mainly due to hormonal disorder. Your skin is a reflection of the inside condition of your body. Experts say that some people are sensitive to getting a surge in insulin from sugar intake, which can cause hormonal disorder, leading to a breakout of acne or other skin problems. Experiencing perky skin issues is very usual in the people having high sugar cravings.

Sugar intake encourages weight gain:

Sugar intake means you are supplying more calories but no protein or fiber to your body. High dietary sugar also affects the production of insulin, which plays a crucial role in weight gain. More sugar intake requires a higher amount of insulin to carry it to the organs for converting sugar into the energy. When you take the high amount of sugar, a condition of insulin resistance arises in which the body is unable to deal with the sugar in the right way. Therefore, the supply of too many calories leads to weight gain and bad immune system as well. If you are gaining extra weight then keep a control on sugar intake to support diabetes care and obesity treatment.

High sugar intake causes metabolic dysfunction:

The intake of too much sugar could disturb metabolic functions in the body. Such a metabolic dysfunction causes numerous health problems including abdominal obesity, blood sugar, decreased HDL and increased LDL, elevated triglycerides, weak immunity, stroke, high blood pressure etc.

The possibility of a psychological condition:

You would have seen the mood swings in the people suffering from type 1 or type 2 diabetes. It’s quite likely that high sugar intake makes you moody and leaves you feeling crabby. Sugar craving probably infuses bad attitude and a feeling of irritation. You have to treat type 2 diabetes and curb on sugar intake to avoid such a bad feeling.

Simple & Easy Steps to Protect from Type 1 Diabetes against Heart Disease

Simple & Easy Steps to Protect from Type 1 Diabetes against Heart Disease

Type 1 causes

The cause of type 1 diabetes is still not known. It is believed that the body has an abnormal reaction to the cells triggered by a virus or other infection. Some people carry genes that are more likely to cause type 1 diabetes. Diabetes develops in these people when something triggers the immune system to start killing the beta cells in the pancreas that produces insulin. The trigger for this type of diabetes are still not understood. The disease is very common in people under 30.

Symptoms of diabetes

The most common symptoms of type 1 diabetes include:

  • Mood changes
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Going toilet to pass urine more often
  • Being thirsty and drinking ore than usual
  • Feeling lethargic and low on energy

Note that the symptoms of diabetes can develop quickly and require immediate medical help. If the type of diabetes is undiagnosed or left untreated, a condition called diabetes ketoacidosis will occur. Diabetic ketoacidosis occurs when the body is not able to use glucose for energy and ketones chemicals are produced. Raised glucose levels and the presence of ketones in the bloodstream cause the blood to become too acidic, which leads to a loss of body salts and fluids. This condition is life-threatening and requires immediate medical help.

Management of type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes must be managed by getting blood glucose levels within the target range suggested by the health care specialist. Patients are often prescribed by insulin injections that need to be taken daily along with a healthy eating plan and regular physical activities for diabetes care. The health care specialist will decide depending on the condition of the patient that how often he/she requires it daily. Managing blood glucose levels daily can not only help prevent long-term complications, but also prevent short term symptoms. Health conditions like kidney, eye, or nerve damage can be prevented by the following instructions of your health care specialist.

It is very important to control cholesterol and blood pressure levels because type 1 diabetes increases the risk of heart diseases. A diabetic patient must do things that help them to protect their heart and that are keeping an eye on cholesterol and blood pressure levels. According to experts, type 1 sufferers should keep their low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol below 100 mg/dl, and their high-density lipoprotein (HDL) should be above 40 mg/dl. The triglyceride levels of diabetic patients should be below 150 mg/dl, and their blood pressure should come under 130/80. Consult your health care specialist to attain these well-balanced levels.

To achieve this goal, you need to get regular medical exams. Discuss with your health care specialist about the exams that you require to stay on to treat type 1 diabetes. Your health care specialist will likely recommend a yearly an eye test, foot exam ms, blood, and urine tests.

What are the symptoms and how do you know if you have Diabetes?

What are the symptoms and how do you know if you have Diabetes?

Understanding diabetes

Diabetes is a metabolic disease defined by high glucose levels in the bloodstream. During the condition, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or you can say that the body is not able to effectively use the insulin it produces. Insulin is a hormone, which is useful in regulating blood glucose and also maintains an increase in protein synthesis, the release of fatty acids, glucose uptake, gluconeogenesis, glycerol, and triglycerides. Increased blood glucose levels can also be called as hyperglycemia is a common effect of uncontrolled diabetes and over time cause serious damage to nerves and blood vessels.

Types of diabetes

There are three types of diabetes, namely type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Type 1 occurs when the immune system of the body kills the cells that are responsible for making insulin hormone. These cells are often called as pancreatic beta cells and are there for regulating blood glucose in the body. Type 1 is mostly found in children but can be occurred at any age. A patient suffering from type 2 diabetes develops insulin resistance, a condition in which the cells are unable to use insulin properly. During type 2, the pancreas loses its ability to produce the necessary hormone. Type 2 is more common in adults usually older than 30 years of age. The third type is gestation, is a form of glucose intolerance in some females at the time of pregnancy.

Commonly recognized symptoms

he warning sign of the chronic disorder can be so mild that you don’t even notice them. This happens especially in cases of type 2 diabetes. Many people with type 2 diabetes are unable to find out that they have a chronic disorder until they face complications from long term damage caused by the illness. However, in the case of type 1 diabetes, the symptoms develop quickly in a few days or weeks, and they are much severe in nature as compared to type 2 diabetes.

Both types of diabetes have almost same symptoms. Hunger and fatigue are the most common warning signs of the disease. What actually happens, when you eat, your body converts food into glucose or sugar that your body cells use to produce energy? But, the body cells require insulin to bring glucose in. If your body does not make enough insulin, or if your cells resist insulin that your body produces, the glucose can’t convert to produce energy and ultimately you lack energy, which makes you tired and hungry than normal.
An average person uses toilets to pee shown 4 to 7 times a day, but a diabetic may use a lot more. People with diabetes peeing more often than people with controlled blood glucose levels. A healthy individual’s body re-absorbs pee while in diabetes patients, blood sugar rises and your kidney is unable to bring it back in, which individual more urine to collect in the urinary bladder and uses body fluids to make urine.
Patients with diabetes mellitus often have dry mouth and itchy skin. This is because your body is using fluids to make urine; there is less moisture in the body. You could get dehydrated, and you often have dry mouth. Due to less moisture in the body, your skin feels dry, which make you itchy.
Alteration in the body fluids can swell your lenses in the eye and you may develop blurred vision. The shape of eye lenses changed and they lose their ability to focus.

Diabetes treatment

A type 2 diabetes treatment is possible through diet, exercise, and weight loss. Studies have shown that people who change their lifestyle habits and include exercise, diet and weight loss programs in their daily routine can regain normal blood glucose levels. Medications may also be used for diabetes care. If an individual is not successful in making lifestyle changes, the only remaining option is medication. However, your doctor may prescribe diabetes medication along with diet and exercise.