Effects of Asthma in Long and Short Run

Effects of Asthma in Long and Short Run

Asthma Complications

Asthma complications include:

  • Signs and symptoms that disturb sleep or work.
  • Sick days from work or school due to asthma flare-ups.
  • Permanent narrowing of the bronchial tubes affecting your normal breathing pattern.
  • Emergency room visits and hospitalizations for serious asthma attacks.
  • Side effects from long-term use of some of the medicines stabilizes critical asthma

Actual treatment makes a big difference in staying away from both short-term and long-term complications caused due to asthma.

Complications that affects lifestyle:

Improper controlling of asthma can adversely affect your quality of life. The condition can result in:

If you think that your asthma is really affecting your quality of life, consult with your doctor. Your personal asthma care plan might require being reviewed to control the condition in better ways.

In some cases, asthma can become a cause of a number of serious respiratory complications, including:

Pneumonia
A collapse of part or all of the lung
Respiratory failure, in which the levels of oxygen in the blood become critically low, or the levels of carbon dioxide become majorly high
status asthmaticus, that is severe asthma attacks that are unresponsive to treatment.

All of these complications are life-threatening and requires medical treatment.

Prevention:

You along with your doctor can make a step-by-step plan for living with asthma condition:

Follow your asthma action plan- With your doctor and health care team, look for a detailed plan for taking asthma medications and preventing an attack. Then strictly follow your plan. Asthma is a continuous condition that seeks regular checks and treatment. Maintaining control of your treatment will make you feel better for your life in general.
Get vaccinated for influenza and pneumonia-Staying active with vaccinations will prevent the flu and pneumonia from touching asthma flare-ups.

Identify and avoid asthma triggers- A number of outdoor allergies starting from pollen and mold to cold air and air pollution can hit an asthma attack. Recognize what worsens your asthma, and take action to avoid such triggers.
Monitor your breathing- You should learn to recognize warning symbols of an upcoming attack, such as slight coughing, wheezing or shortness of breath. But, since your lung functioning might reduce before you notice any signs or symptoms, consistently measure and track your peak airflow with a home peak flow meter.

Identify and treat attacks early- If you respond spontaneously, chances of having a severe attack are quite less. You also won’t require much of medications to control your symptoms. When your peak flow measurements reduce and alert you for an oncoming attack, take your medication as instructed and immediately stop any activity that may hit the attack. If your symptoms are yet not improving, get medical help as suggested in your action plan.
Take your medication as prescribed-Since your asthma seems to be improving, don’t modify anything without consulting your doctor. It’s better to bring your medications with you to each doctor visit so that he can crosscheck that you’re taking your asthma medicines correctly and also using the right dose.

Pay attention for increasing quick-relief inhaler use- If you see yourself dependent on your quick-relief inhaler, like albuterol, your asthma isn’t under control. Schedule a visit to your doctor about adjusting your treatment.

Asthma treatment is aimed at controlling airway inflammation and avoiding known allergy triggers, like pet dander and pollen. The main objective is to regularize normal breathing, prevent asthma attacks and restore daily activities. Regular asthma treatment assists in preventing symptoms and asthma inhalers are the preferred ways because the drug can directly reach into the lungs in smaller doses with least side effects. Some asthma cure medicines are given in pill or injection form, too. Take care of your health by following all the required steps and stay happy!

The Important Daily Asthma Action Plan for Adults

The Important Daily Asthma Action Plan for Adults

Creating your Asthma Action plan

Because asthma treatment differs from individual to individual, you are required to work with your doctor to develop a plan that’s suitable for you. Your action plan may also include keeping a diary, and can help you in the following ways:

Track asthma symptoms-The plan will help you keep checking on asthma signs and symptoms and record when your symptoms show up interference with daily activities, such as work, exercise or sleep. You may also want to know how often you use a quick-acting inhaler, to ease symptoms.
A record peak flow readings-You may use a peak flow meter to check your asthma daily. This simple hand-held device checks how well your lungs are working. Lower measurements indicate that the lungs aren’t working and this is usually the initial sign that asthma is getting worse.
Assess asthma control-The action plan will give you a proper system for making sense of the information you find out. Many asthma plans use a traffic light system of green, yellow and red zones that counteract to worsening symptoms. This system can help you immediately determine asthma severity and identify signs of an asthma attack.
Adjust medications-Your plan should tell when you need to adjust medications based on the severity of your asthma symptoms. Asthma medications usually include long-term control medications, such as inhaled corticosteroids, and as-needed, quick-acting medications, such as inhaled albuterol. Be sure that you understand the medications, its timings, its way of using and its result.
Recognize and treat an asthma attack-Tracking symptoms regularly and adjusting treatment accordingly improves asthma control and diminishes the risk of having an asthma attack. But if symptoms get worse quickly, follow the action plan for using quick-acting medications or other steps to bring your symptoms under control.
Know when to seek emergency care-Some asthma attacks cannot be controlled at home. Use the action plan to know the signs of rapidly worsening asthma. If you use a peak flow meter, the action plan will also tell you about when low peak flow readings signify that an asthma attack has become an emergency.
Avoid asthma triggers-The action plan must consider your list of asthma triggers and notes on how to avoid them. These vary from person to person, like exercise, cold air, pollen, dust mites, mold, pet dander, etc.

Keep your action plan available

Once you and your doctor have figured your asthma action plan, keep it handy in case you have an asthma flare-up. Also, share your plan with a family member or friend who can take care of you in the case of an emergency. Keep a copy in your wallet in case an asthma attack occurs when you are not at home. List your doctor’s phone number, emergency phone numbers and the location of the nearest emergency room on your asthma plan. And always carry a rescue inhaler with you and keep the second one at home as a part of good asthma care.

Meet regularly with your Doctor

Work with your doctor to keep your asthma action plan updated. Asthma changes over time, so your plan may require adjustments periodically.

Go to all scheduled appointments-Review your asthma action plan at every doctor visit. Inform your doctor about any problems you’re having in following the plan. These checkups are also a good time to double-check that you’re tracking symptoms accurately and using your asthma medicines
If asthma isn’t under control, see your doctor-If you’re following the asthma care plan, but the symptoms are still uncontrollable, a treatment change may be needed. On the other hand, if your asthma is controlled well in time, your doctor may be able to reduce the dosage of medication you take.
Call your doctor if you have concerns-If you have any queries or you’re simply concerned about your asthma signs and symptoms, talk to your doctor or schedule an appointment.

Having asthma shouldn’t affect your regular activities, interrupt sleep or leave you constantly worrying about having an asthma attack. By carefully following a written plan, you can succeed in asthma management and minimize the disruptions it causes.

Identify, diagnose and treat Asthma Cough

Identify, diagnose and treat Asthma Cough

Risk factors for Asthma

  • Genetic susceptibility and gene-environmental interactions
  • Environmental risk factors such as:
  • Indoor and outdoor allergens
  • Smoke
  • Status
  • Other pollutants
  • Obesity
  • Respiratory illness
  • Smoking and environmental tobacco
  • Race/ethnicity
  • Diagnosis of asthma

Asthma can occur at any age, it is the most chronic condition in amongst children in the USA. According to clinical data, it mostly affects the children younger than 6 years of. For this population, asthma is related to eczema, and hay fever. Environmental allergen also plays a significant role in the onset of disease. Adults can have asthma too.

There is no single reliable test, and there are no standardized diagnostic criteria for asthma. In some cases, observing a response to treatment may help confirm the diagnosis of asthma, but the lack of response to asthma medications like inhaled corticosteroids or bronchodilators does not rule out asthma.

The following are the key indicators for considering a diagnosis of asthma:

  • Family history of asthma
  • Intermittent symptoms
  • Physical examination
  • Association of symptoms of weather change, exercise, smoke, dust house-dust mites, strong emotional expression, viral infection, animals with fur or feathers, airborne chemicals or dust
  • Documenting variable airflow limitation
  • Considering other diagnoses

Routine checkups

  • Blood gas analysis
  • Spirometry
  • Serum electrolytes
  • Eosinophil count
  • X-ray chest
  • Other tests to rule out specific diseases

Spirometry is a test done to determine how well your lungs are working that is how much you inhale, how much you exhale, and how quickly you breathe.

Goals of asthma treatment

The goals of asthma treatment are stated below:

  • Asthma treatment prevents recurrent exacerbation’s and reduces the need for emergency hospitalizations.
  • Maintain better pulmonary function
  • Asthma management maintains normal physical activity levels.
  • A good asthma care provides optimal pharmaco therapy with minimal or no adverse reactions.

Asthma Medications

Medications used for asthma management are divided into two broad categories, namely relievers and controllers.

Controllers- Controllers are the medications used for the long term to maintain the best asthma control by reducing airway inflammation. Inhaled corticosteroids are the most commonly used controller medications for asthma management. These are most commonly used in patients with the more severe condition. Also, inhaled corticosteroid is used in combination with long-acting beta-agonists (a class of asthma medications). This combination works to improve asthma symptoms at a lower dose of inhaled corticosteroids.

Relievers- Relievers are the medications formulated for providing quick and fast relief. These generally include bronchodilators. These are useful in treating symptoms associated with exercise or to provide rapid relief from acute airflow obstruction. Almost all asthma patients require reliever medications. The most commonly used reliever medications are inhaled beta-2 agonists, such as albuterol.

The effectiveness of treatment:

The effectiveness of asthma treatment can be judged on two major outcomes:

  • Current impairment
  • Risk of future attacks

The medicines needed to control impairment and to manage the risk of attacks are different, but both outcomes need to be considered to judge the effectiveness of treatment. The safety and efficacy of asthma medications have been established. A major step to more consistent and uniformly effective treatment is to use asthma medications on a regular basis. A treatment is ineffective only when a patient fails to use medications on a regular basis.

People with Asthma Should Never Dry Clothes Indoor

People with Asthma Should Never Dry Clothes Indoor

Tumble drying tips include:

• While choosing a tumble dryer, make sure that you get one which uses less energy.
• Always switch to spin speed of your washing machine, you want clothes to be as dry as possible, so they need very less time in the tumble dryer.
• Before putting your clothes in the dryer, untangle everything as large knots of washing takes more time to dry.
• Make sure that you clean the filters regularly as blocked ones stop hot air from circulating properly which makes clothes longer to dry.
• It is necessary that you keep your tumble dryer in a well-ventilated area of your house leaving your bedroom and living room to prevent it from overheating.
• It is always best to buy a washing with tumble dryer along with a sensor that indicates when your clothes are dry and when to stop. This prevents the continuous use of the machine when there is no need.

Other tips include:

• While washing clothes, use a mix of water, vinegar, and soap.
• Do not store clothes in damp cupboards or avoid packing them too tightly in wardrobes
• Your home should be ventilated especially after cleaning, cooking, showers, and using the dishwasher. Make a habit of opening windows as often as you can to keep your home well ventilated.

5 Home Remedies to Control Symptoms of Asthma

5 Home Remedies to Control Symptoms of Asthma

Herbal Remedies to treat Asthma

Like pharmaceutical drugs, herbal remedies act for asthma cure through a variety of mechanisms. Some have the potential to decrease inflammation while others have the ability to soothe irritated airways, dry secretions, or relieve bronchospasm. Herbal ingredients are used alone and in combination with asthma medications. These herbs are 100% natural hence are not toxic and plays a significant role in healing a variety of health issues. They can be safely incorporated into a medicinal plan of an asthma patient and are unlikely to interact negatively with standard treatments.

Coffee and Tea- Coffee has been the treatment of choice for asthma management since the 1800s. Research studies support a relationship between coffee intake and reduced asthma symptoms that may be mediated through coffee’s xanthine content. Coffee has caffeine, which is believed to chemically associated with theophylline. Like theophylline, Caffeine is also known to increase intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) as a result of that it relaxes bronchial smooth muscles. According to studies, those were conducted to see the positive effects of caffeine in asthma patients; it was determined that adults who drank two to three cups of coffee per day had reduced as the symptoms by 25% as compared to adults who abstained. The data support a dose effect linked to coffee intake and a reduced risk of respiratory symptoms.

Onions (Allium cepa)- Folk medicines around the world utilize onion extract to treat common health problems like asthma. The crude onion extract is effective in reducing bronchoconstriction. The natural ingredient is safe to include in a regular diet plan, and it is well tolerated. Chances of occurring a hypersensitivity reaction are rare. Onions are enriched with anti-inflammatory properties and are extremely beneficial in clearing the constriction of the airways in asthmatic patients. The herbal component is composed of sulphur contents which are useful in reducing the lung inflammation. An individual suffering from asthma must eat two to three pieces of it to open up their blocked airways and to breathe easily. One can also add on onion pieces in his/her regular vegetable salad to get rid of blocked lungs.

Salmon- Salmon, is considered as a fatty fish, it contains omega 3 fatty acids. These fatty acids help the lungs to react better to irritants in an asthmatic person and also help prevent asthma in people who have never had an attack. According to a research study, it has been found that children who eat fish once a week are less likely to have asthma as compared to children who don’t eat fish. Furthermore, researchers discovered that who took fish oil supplements had increased the ability to avoid a severe asthma attack.

Honey- Honey is often considered as a sweet treat, we often add to our tea and salad to provide a sweet taste to our recipe. Honey is a very well known ingredient used to treat common health issues such as coughing and also soothe the mucous membrane. It can’t be said that Honey cures asthma; it only helps in alleviating some of the asthma symptoms in combination with asthma medicine. The herbal ingredient can allow everyone to get a good night’s sleep.

Eucalyptus oil- If you are looking for a safe remedy to cure asthma during pregnancy, do not miss out eucalyptus oil. The natural extract is helpful in clearing air passage and control asthma.

Turmeric- A very well know ingredient considered to use for its anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. It works great to treat asthma and wheezing in pregnancy. The natural ingredient efficiently reduces inflammation in the air passages and clears obstruction to breathe properly. It is one of the best household ingredients that can be used for asthma care.

5 Foods with Vitamin D to Reduce Asthma Attack Risk

5 Foods with Vitamin D to Reduce Asthma Attack Risk

Cheese

Cheese is one of the top 5 foods high on Vitamin D. Well, spreading an additional layer of cheese on that morning slice of toast may not be such a bad idea after all. Ricotta cheese provides the maximum amount of Vitamin D amongst others.

Mushrooms

Include mushrooms in your diet at least four times a week to increase the level of Vitamin D in your body. In order to reap more benefits, you can sundry them before consumption. Mushrooms can naturally produce Vitamin D when exposed to sunlight. Make this food product as a part of asthma cure regime.

Fish

Almost all kinds of fish are high on Vitamin D. Typically oil or fatty acids present in fish contain a good amount of Vitamin D. Salmon, trout, mackerel, and tuna are a good source of vitamin D and they are probably recommended for the overall development of the body.

Egg

The yolk of an egg is a good source of vitamin D so it’s important to use the whole egg instead of just the white part. You can eat eggs regularly to maintain the supply of vitamin D. People taking asthma medicine can also eat eggs because of its nutritional value.

Soymilk

Soymilk is plant-based milk produced by soaking dry soybeans and grinding them with water. While it contains the same amount of protein as regular cow’s milk, it has plenty of Vitamin D, Vitamin C, iron and other nutrients. Those who take asthma medicine can take soymilk altogether for the wellbeing of the respiratory system.

Allergic Asthma Triggers You Must Look Out For

Allergic Asthma Triggers You Must Look Out For

Symptoms of asthma

  • Coughing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest tightness
  • Wheezing

There are different types of allergens which can trigger asthma and symptoms can become more severe.

There are patients who are allergic to many people which can trigger asthma. The common allergens such as house dust mites, animal dander, molds, pollen and cockroach droppings. Your physician can identify the substances from which you are allergic and can recommend the ways to avoid these substances.

Tobacco smoke is an irritant that often aggravates asthma and symptoms can become very severe. Asthma can also be irritated by air pollution, strong odors or fumes.

There are some asthma medications whose side effects worsen the symptoms of asthma. The medicines which can worsen the asthma symptoms are aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen, and beta-blockers, which are used to treat heart disease, high blood pressure, migraine headaches or glaucoma.
Psychophysiological factors such as emotional anxiety and stress may also increase asthma symptoms and trigger an attack.

Exposure to cold, dry air or weather changes can also trigger asthma.

There are many food products and food additives which can trigger asthma. Food allergies can cause mild to severe life-threatening conditions and they can rarely cause isolated asthma without other symptoms. The patient with food allergies may exhibit asthma as part of food-induced anaphylaxis. The most common foods associated with allergic symptoms are-

  • Eggs
  • Cow’s milk
  • Peanuts
  • Tree nuts
  • Soy
  • Wheat
  • Fish
  • Shrimp and other shellfish
  • Salads
  • Fresh fruits

Food preservatives can trigger isolated asthma. Sulphite additives such as sodium bisulfite, potassium bisulfite, etc. are commonly used in food processing or preparation may trigger asthma in those people who are sensitive.

There are many things which you can do to avoid getting affected by the allergies and preventing asthma attacks.

The asthma medications can work quickly to stop coughing and wheezing. Learn more about asthma cure and the various asthma treatment methods for managing the condition.

Prevention

Get vaccinated for influenza and pneumonia.

Identify the allergens which trigger asthma and stay away from them. Consult your doctor and your physician can help you to identify the allergens and can suggest you the ways to stay away from them.

Monitor your breathing- if you can learn to recognize the warning signs such as coughing, wheezing or shortness of breath and then try to maintain your breaths it can help you in preventing the worsening of the situation.

Take proper asthma care by taking medications on time- take your medicines as prescribed by the doctors and don’t miss your asthma medicine or overdose the medicines as it can worsen the situation. If you ever miss the dosage consult your doctor and follow the instruction.

Don’t overdo any exercise, avoid going outside during cold weather or if pollution is very high.

Do exercise regularly.

How Does Asthma Medication Work?

How Does Asthma Medication Work?

Asthma Management

For a good asthma control, treatment with medications is required. The right asthma medication will depend on a variety of factors, including your age, health condition, triggers, and response to the pharmaceutical drugs. The medications help your asthma to keep in under control. Your health care provider can prescribe the medication that’s best suits you. Knowing what medications are available on the shelves of medical stores can help you with your healthcare expert to create an action plan (treatment plant). An asthma treatment plan can help you manage your asthma symptoms. Read more about the type of asthma medications available in the pharmaceutical industry, what they are, how they work and are the possible side effects.

Medications for Asthma Control

People with asthma rely on two different types of medications

that allow them to breath easier. If you have asthma, it is necessary to know about such medicines, so that you and your health care provider can choose the right one for your condition. Most people with asthma take quick-relief and long-term/controller medications.

Moreover, many inhaled medications have also been discovered to keep your airways healthy, even if you do not develop symptoms. Medications that are meant to be inhaled tend to directly deliver to airways to allow them to open and relax. These types of medication are less likely to cause side effects as compared to others that are meant to be taken orally or intravenously.

Inhalers

There are several inhaled medications available to make the breathing process easier in asthma patients. Your health care specialist is the best-qualified person to determine the best one to improve your lung function.

One of the common classes of inhaled medication is topical corticosteroids, which are known for their anti-inflammatory properties. These anti-inflammatory medications have been used successfully to treat asthma for more than 50 years. Inhaled corticosteroids are effective in reducing many forms of airway inflammation such as swelling, tightening of your bronchial tubes, and swelling. These medications are must even if you feel well because there are capable of preventing yours from having an asthma attack as well as prevent your symptoms from becoming worse. Some of the commonly inhaled corticosteroids are ciclesonide, triamcinolone, flunisolide, budesonide, beclomethasone, and fluticasone.

Quick-relief medications or quick-relief bronchodilators

Bronchodilators are considered as non-steroid medications that are helpful in opening your airways by relaxing small muscles that tighten them. These medications are known for their rapid action; they immediately relieve your asthma symptoms. Quick-relief bronchodilators include levalbuterol, ipratropium, albuterol, and terbutaline. These drugs make you feel better and help you to breathe easier in the short term, but these drug types would not solve the underlying problems that lead your asthma symptoms to appear. These medications can also be called as rescue medications. A quick acting drug relieves the squeezing of muscles around the airways, and it starts working within 15 minutes of use. If you need to use these rescue drugs on a regular basis that is more than two twice a week, your asthma symptoms will not be controlled. In such case, visit your health care provider to change your treatment.

Long-acting bronchodilators

These asthma medications are used to provide asthma control for a long term. It works to control asthma symptoms instead of quick relieving the symptoms. These medications include formoterol and salmeterol. These are extremely beneficial in preventing asthma symptoms rather than treating sudden asthma attacks. These should be used along with inhaled medicines for long-term control of symptoms.

A long-term controller medication works by preventing swelling and mucus build up in the airways. It makes patient’s airways less sensitive to triggers. It should be used daily.